Avoid being accused of plagiarism, which includes copying another’s work, paraphrasing or summarising without acknowledgement, colluding with others and presenting either identical or very similar essays


Avoid being accused of plagiarism, which includes copying another’s work, paraphrasing or summarising without acknowledgement, colluding with others and presenting either identical or very similar essays

So what does referencing include?

A. In-text citations, which could take three forms:

    Paraphrasing, where you keep consitently the original author’s >B. A reference list during the final end of your essay, which includes details such as for instance:

  • Author(s)
  • Date of publication
  • Title
  • Publisher and place of publication (for books)
  • Journal name, volume and issue (for journals)
  • Internet address or doi (digital object >
    Referencing is integral to academic essay writing and shouldn’t be looked at as an ‘add-on’. You ensure 100% accuracy when you are referencing, always use a referencing guide to help.

Normally, when writing an essay at university you’re going to be anticipated to only use sources that are academic. The following learning guide on source credibility will help you to see whether an external source is academic or perhaps not.

The APA is used by the chocolate essay form of referencing, which is simple to distinguish from the Harvard Author-Date System, while the format is different:

If that’s the case the data comes before the author. For instance:

Such citations are called information-centred citations.

When the focus is much more on who is saying it then the citation is created such as this:

Such citations are called citations that are author-centred.

attempt to achieve a balance between both kinds of in text-references in your essay writing.

Reference list

In the APA model of referencing, the reference list has conventions that are certain you have to also follow. Here are a few examples from the essay that is chocolate

Don’t make referencing something you are doing just like an proofreading or editing activity. Include your citations that are in-text reference list as part of your first draft.

An excellent web site to help with your APA referencing is the APA Interactive tool at Massey University.

Leave yourself time that is enough glance at your essay more often than once. For a 1000 word essay you will need at the very least 3 days to redraft your essay.

Always save each draft as a file that is separate you’ll be able to see how your essay develops and improves.

Here you will find the sorts of questions you should think about:

You could look at other checklists similar to this one on editing your very own work.

Let’s observe how the writer of the chocolate essay redrafted their original introduction:

Now compare the above using the draft that is final

Since Spanish explorers brought back chocolate from the “” new world “”, chocolate consumption is now a phenomenon that is worldwide. A derivative of the cacao bean, was consumed as a drink, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form at first, chocolate. However, chocolate’s popularity that is inherent not equate to it possessing healthy properties, as suggested by the title. The realities of chocolate tend to be more right down to earth; a true number of those realities will soon be addressed in this article. Chocolate has chemical properties that can influence mood and there’s evidence that is possible some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such positive attributes are counterbalanced somewhat because of the argument that, in certain instances, chocolate can be viewed a drug in the place of a food. Moreover, there is the likelihood of some correlation between over-consumption of obesity and chocolate. Thus, it should be argued that despite chocolate’s effect that is positive some cases on mood and the cardiovascular system it has additionally been connected to addiction and obesity.

Take your time and start to become careful when redrafting—it will be worth every penny!

How do you write in an academic way?

Your lecturers would want to hear your ‘voice’ because they read your essay.

Imagine your essay as a kind of story. You are the storyteller that is principal the inner voice associated with writer, leading your reader through to your conclusion.

Throughout the story, there are different voices that appear from time to time. They are the external voices (citations) that add substance to your story, providing detail and support for what you may be saying and sometimes even giving an alternative perspective. The external voices can be divided into two categories in your essay: the direct external voice of an author (through a quote that is direct therefore the indirect external voice of an author (through a paraphrase).

Your reader has to know after all right times whose voice they’ve been hearing. Will it be your voice that is internal or external voice of other authors?

You might wonder how you can include your own voice but still sound academic whenever you are writing about a area that is subject which you have little (or no) knowledge. Together with your voice does not mean that you should say ‘I think’ or ‘in my opinion’.

Here are some types of the critical/analytical language that can be used as your own internal voice whenever you present other people’s ideas:

when you’re drafting your paragraphs, use a colour-coding system like the paper writer one used here. It will help you ensure your academic voice is clear!

When you have more confident in making use of external sources, you are going to gradually expand the language of one’s critical internal voice. The Phrasebank website at Manchester University provides samples of a few more expressions to utilize when assessing sources that are external.

Editing is targeted on the picture that is big such as for example overall structure, appropriate paragraphing and if the question happens to be answered.

Proofreading has a micro-focus on the facts of the essay, such as for instance formatting, punctuation and grammar.

Everybody has their particular personal design of editing and proofreading. You’ll want to concentrate on the kinds of errors you make by looking commonly at the marker’s comments on your previous work.

Some individuals proofread alone; some get other individuals involved. Having others involved is a idea that is really good.

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